The queen is recognizable from the other bees by its larger size (1.5 to 2 cm against 1.1 and 1.3 cm). Her abdomen and genitals are more developed. She spends all her time laying eggs, it is she who gives birth to all the bees in the hive.
The basis of the bee diet is honey and pollen, without forgetting water, the different castes and stages of the domestic bee do not have the same food.
It has a noisy flight and is aggressive in defending the nest. The workers' sting serves as a defence organ and the bee dies after inflicting a single bite. Life in a colony is extremely well organized. All are dedicated to the well-being of the community, each with well-defined tasks.
The queen can lay up to 2,000 eggs per day. It produces two types of eggs: fertilized eggs which give birth to female bees (worker or queens), and unfertilized eggs from which male bees come out.